European Agency for Safety and Health at Work

Occupational safety and health in Europe: state and trends 2023


List of figures
List of tables
Foreword by Nicolas Schmit, European Commissioner for Jobs and Social Rights
1 Executive summary
2 Setting the scene
3 Status of working conditions
3.1 Psychosocial risks at work
3.1.1 Working time in hours and at atypical times
3.1.2 Work intensity
3.2 Physical health risks at work
3.3 Contract types and work locations
3.4 Mobile work, home as workplace and domestic work
3.5 Worker groups with specific risks and needs
3.6 Conclusions
4 Trends in outcomes – safety, health and wellbeing
4.1 Trends in safety outcomes – work accidents
4.1.1 Non-fatal work accidents
4.1.2 Serious non-fatal and fatal work accidents
4.2 Trends in health outcomes
4.2.1 Statistical picture of mortality and morbidity
4.2.2 Attributable fractions, risk pairs and burden of disease
4.2.3 Examples of specific prevalence estimates
4.3 Wellbeing and health status
4.3.1 Satisfaction at work
4.3.2 Health affected – overall opinion
4.3.3 Reported health problems
4.3.4 Working life perspective – health
4.3.5 Summary of survey results on wellbeing and health status
4.4 Conclusions
5 Major context developments and their influence on working conditions
5.1 Changes from industrial to service sectors
5.2 Technological developments – influence on OSH
5.3 Workforce structure
5.4 Globalisation and OSH
6 OSH legislation and OSH infrastructure in the EU
6.1 Foundation, legislation, compliance and supervision
6.2 EU and national OSH strategies
6.3 Guidance and support
6.4 Prevention practices in enterprises
6.5 Conclusions
7 Methodological approaches, available data and research questions
7.1 The need for a detailed OSH information base
7.2 Quantitative data on OSH
7.3 Qualitative data and research
7.4 Data and research – major evidence difficulties at EU level
7.4.1 Variety of OSH systems
7.4.2 Reliable and measurable indicators
7.4.3 Relationship between preventive actions and outcomes
7.4.4 On the way to better evidence – major data, research gaps and open questions


© European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2023
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