European Agency for Safety and Health at Work

Peter Hasle, Wanja Öhler, Vincent Dupont, Karolien Lenaerts, Annachiara Longoni, Mireia Yter Gimeno, Mark Pagell, Yanbing Chen), Christian Uhrenholdt Madsen, Karin Reinhold, Marina Järvis


Supply chains' role in promoting safety and health in construction and agriculture: the LIFT-OSH Project


Table of Contents
Executive summary
1 Introduction
2 Background
2.1 Supply chain management – definitions
2.2 Supply chain governance practices - definitions
3 Methodology
3.1 Overall design
3.2 Case selection
Search for best cases
Criteria for case selection
3.3 Data collection methods
3.4 Document collection
On-site observation
3.5 Data analysis
4 Construction
4.1 Introduction
Business structure
Working Conditions and OSH in the construction sector
Market leverage in construction supply chains
Contractual governance
Relational governance
Four case studies in the construction sector
4.2 Client-led OSH management
Examples of ‘client-led OSH management’
Reactions from main and subcontractors
Feasibility of client-led OSH management
4.3 Workplace notions of safety culture
Concrete workplace-level instruments and practices
Migrant workers and safety culture
Feasibility of safety culture efforts
4.4 Subcontractor assessment – you can’t manage what you don’t measure
Concrete workplace-level instruments and practices
Assessment during the project
Feasibility of subcontractor assessment
4.5 Carrots and Sticks – hybrid governance provide both incentives and penalties for compliance
Why hybrid governance is used
Formal subcontractor awards
Supply chain finance
Feasibility of financial rewards and penalties
4.6 The role of OSH training in construction
Training before the start of work
During the work
Feasibility of OSH training
4.7 The role of communication of OSH in construction sites
Communication channels
Types of communication
Feasibility of communication of OSH
4.8 Conclusion and policy pointers
Contractual governance and safety in the construction sector
Relational governance and safety in the construction sector
Future research
Policy pointers
5 Agrifood
5.1 Characteristics of the European agri-food industry and sample description
The agri-food supply chain structure and dynamics
Working conditions and OSH in the agri-food sector
5.2 Contractual governance in agri-food context
Contractual governance in sustainable supply chain management
Contractual governance and OSH-related concerns
Contractual governance
OSH requirements from the focal firm
Certification’s requirements and audits from the focal firm
Feasibility of contractual governance
Feasibility of certification
5.3 Relational governance in agri-food context
Long-term buyer-supplier relationship
Buyer-supplier collaboration
Personal relationship and informal communication
Supply chain flexibility
Training and technical assistance for small suppliers
Feasibility of relational governance
5.4 Conclusion
Contractual and relational governance to counterbalance industry pressures
Controversial role of contractual governance
Long-term relationships as market leverage for working conditions and OSH
CoC, certification and audits as market leverage
Future developments
6 Market leverage instruments across the industries: comparing and contrasting agri-food and construction
6.1 Relational Governance
6.2 Contractual Governance
6.3 Limited transferability between industries
7 Cross-sectoral conclusions
7.1 Context
7.2 Conclusions for policy
Policy pointers
7.3 Conclusions for managers – what works?
Annex A: Description of cases
Annex B: The interview thematic plans
Interview guide for managerial representatives from suppliers
Interview guide for agri-food procurement representatives
Interview guide for worker’ representatives
Interviews with Stakeholders
Annex C: Case Reports
Agri-Food Case 1, Denmark
Agri-Food Case 2, Ireland
Agri-Food Case 3, Estonia
Agri-Food Case 4, Spain
Construction Case 1, Denmark
Construction, Case 2, Ireland
Construction, Case 3, Estonia
Construction, Case 4, Belgium



© European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2024
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