C45 Convention concerning the Employment of Women on Underground Work in Mines of all Kinds
Geneva, 21 giugno 1935
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in its Nineteenth Session on 4 June 1935, and
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to the employment of women on underground work in mines of all kinds, which is the second item on the agenda of the Session, and
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international Convention,
adopts this twenty-first day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and thirty-five, the following Convention, which may be cited as the Underground Work (Women) Convention, 1935:
For the purpose of this Convention, the term mine includes any undertaking, whether public or private, for the extraction of any substance from under the surface of the earth.
No female, whatever her age, shall be employed on underground work in any mine.
National laws or regulations may exempt from the above prohibition--
(a) females holding positions of management who do not perform manual work;
(b) females employed in health and welfare services;
(c) females who, in the course of their studies, spend a period of training in the underground parts of a mine; and
(d) any other females who may occasionally have to enter the underground parts of a mine for the purpose of a non-manual occupation.
The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration.
1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of the International Labour Organisation whose ratifications have been registered with the Director-General.
2. It shall come into force twelve months after the date on which the ratifications of two Members have been registered with the Director-General.
3. Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any Member twelve months after the date on which its ratification has been registered.
As soon as the ratifications of two Members of the International Labour Organisation have been registered, the Director-General of the International Labour Office shall so notify all the Members of the International Labour Organisation. He shall likewise notify them of the registration of ratifications which may be communicated subsequently by other Members of the Organisation.
1. A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into force, by an act communicated to the Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration. Such denunciation shall not take effect until one year after the date on which it is registered.
2. Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, within the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned in the preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in this Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, may denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years under the terms provided for in this Article.
At such times as it may consider necessary the Governing Body of the International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a report on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole or in part.
1. Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in whole or in part, then unless the new Convention otherwise provides,
(a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall ipso jure involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 7 above, if and when the new revising Convention shall have come into force;
(b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force, this Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.
2. This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the revising Convention.
The French and English texts of this Convention shall both be authentic.
Entrata in vigore: 30 maggio 1937
Ratifica: Legge 2 agosto 1952, n. 1305