Botey Gaude, Laura; Cabrita, Jorge; Eiffe, Franz Ferdinand; Gerstenberger, Barbara; Ivaškaitė-Tamošiūnė, Viginta; Parent-Thirion, Agnès; Peruffo, Eleonora; Weber, Tina; White, Christopher


Working conditions and sustainable work

Working conditions in the time of COVID-19: Implications for the future


Executive summary

Evolution of key labour market indicators
Objectives and structure of the report
1.Europe’s workforce in 2021
A gender-segregated labour market
Household characteristics
Employment status
Working hours
Place of work
COVID groups
2.Job quality in Europe
Six dimensions of job quality
Physical and social environment
Job tasks
Organisational characteristics
Working time arrangements
Job prospects
Intrinsic job features
Job quality index
3.Working together during the COVID-19 pandemic
Influences on work
Work organisation
Employee representation and voice
Gender segregation at work
4.Reconciling work and other spheres of life
Duration of paid work
Paid and unpaid work
Work–life balance
Work–life conflicts
Working time preferences
5.A workforce ready for future challenges
Financial sustainability of work
Social climate at work
Work engagement
Health and well-being
Supporting the green transition with job quality
Lessons from working in the time of COVID-19...
… confirm lingering working life challenges
… confirm that job quality is the foundation of a good working life
… confirm the need to address persistent gender inequalities
… point to the need to shape a future of work that leaves no one behind

Annex 1: Survey methodology
Annex 2: Classification of occupations by gender
Annex 3: Data manipulation
Annex 4: Construction of the job quality index


link esterno


© European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2022
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.